Be part of the POLAR4 Expedition 2017 to support the Arctic and life on this Planet
GEMIMA - GEomorphology MIneralogy MAp
The characterization of the hydrographic and geomorphologic features of the landscape and the analysis of anthropogenic chemical and radioactive components in soils and sediments will be used to analyze the anthropic impact (from local and long range sources) and its trend on remote areas such as the northern side of the Svalbard Archipelago (e.g., NE Spitsbergen, Northaustlandet, Barentsøya, Edgeøya).
Prof. Enrico Miccadei - Universitá degli Studi G. D´Annunzio Chieti Pescara, Dip. di Ingegneria e Geologia.
SHEM - Seawater HEavy metals Monitoring
The main goal of the project is to obtain a better knowledge of the occurrence, sources and transport pathways of heavy metals delivered to the Arctic via the marine suspended particulate, a major carrier of metals in the oceans. The study will focus on elements with a biological role, such as iron and copper, and contaminants of concern such as cadmium, mercury and lead. The analysis will help to understand the complex pathways by which these contaminants are delivered to the Arctic from anthropogenic and natural sources.
Prof. Marco Grotti - Universitá degli Studi di Genova dip. Chimica e Chimica Industriale
ISAAC - Ionospheric ScintillAtions Arctic Campaign
The project proposes to design, deploy, run and manage a multi-constellation GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) receiver on board one of the Polar 4 ships. The receiver will be specifically configured to monitor the ionospheric scintillations at 50 Hz sampling rate. the proposed experiment will provide new measurements of the Arctic ionosphere, very useful for the development of prediction models and for the mitigation of harmful effects on the received GNSS signals.
Dott.ssa Lucilla Alfonsi, Prof. P.J. Cilliers - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia INGV
Prof. P.J. Cilliers - SANSA – South Africa National Space Agency
DINAH - Diatom communities IN the High Arctic aquatic Habitats of the Svalbard Islands
Arctic lake and pond sediments are considered natural recorders of temporal variations as they contain indicators of past and present physical, chemical and biological conditions. Diatoms are among the most commonly indicators thanks to their high sensitivity to numerous environmental variables. The project will to investigate and describe the diatom assemblages of different aquatic habitats in northern Spitsbergen in relation to their environment.
Dott.ssa Roksana Majewska - Unit for Environmental Sciences and ManagementFaculty of Natural SciencesNorth-West University
BASAN - BioAcustic’s Studies in Arctic Nature
Sound plays an important role in detecting the first signs of stress in animals (individual species, populations, communities, and landscapes). From the scientific literature emerges an unexpected influence of climate change in the ecoacoustic processes. Vocal communication of animals is related to environmental parameters (temperature, humidity, ice presence, etc..) that are influenced directly by climate change. The project will perform a marine bioacoustics survey along the coast of Svalbard to reveal the acoustic behavior of marine mammals.
Dott.ssa Giuseppa Buscaino - CNR IAMC - Capo Granitola
EOARC - Emerging Organic Contaminants in the ARCtic
Emerging organic contaminants (EOCs) are manmade chemicals which have become a significant concern for the environment and organism health. This project is focused on studying and modeling both spatial distribution and ocean currents transport for EOCs - including halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), phthalate esters (PEs) and current-use pesticides (CUP) - from Atlantic to the Arctic.
Prof. Zhiyong Xie - HZG Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Zentrum für Material- und Küstenforschung
IES - Integrated Environmental System
This detection method using smart sensor networks in environmental contexts different from urban and or industrial ones, allows a more detailed understanding of the phenomena under observation, the activation of alarm systems, the activation of correction to ongoing processes, and the ability to detect phenomena otherwise unknown. This project aims at the development and testing of an air quality monitoring station to detect a set of parameters using specially selected smart sensors.
Prof. Fausto Villani - TAB Consulting srl Potenza
EVA - EVolution of Anthropic Impact on Remote Areas
The chemical composition of Arctic aerosols and of wet depositions (snow and rain) is determined by both natural and anthropic sources delivering particulate material into the Arctic area. Numerous studies were performed in this area but little is known about the sources and composition of the Arctic aerosol. The investigation of the sources lead us to examine also the snow collected on the surface and the snow collected from snow pit and/or cores to have a reconstruction of the past.
Prof. Carlo Barbante - Universitá Ca´ Foscari, Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Informatica e Statistica
ARARAT - Arctic Research Aerial Reconnaissance And Transport
The basic concept is to set-up and test a UAV-based survey and transport system for Arctic survey. Such system is configured to become a highly accessible, flexible and capable survey tools for Arctic scientific workgroups. Survey flights will include typical missions such as oblique views, aero photogrammetry, video acquisition, thermography, multispectral imagery acquisition. Surface contact flights will call for object collection from the surface samples (sea water, lake’s water ice and snow), rock samples, small vegetation samples from inaccessible sites.
Prof. Gianluca Casagrande - Universitá Europea di Roma
ADAM - Aerosol Determination for Atmospheric Monitoring
The chemical characterization of the Arctic aerosol will be accomplished by continuous sampling of particulate matter along the ship cruise around Spitsbergen Island. The collected filters will be analyzed for ions and metals composition, in order to identify and quantify natural and anthropic sources. The contribution of sea-spray will be evaluated to investigate a possible relationship with the sea-ice extent, through the formation of sea-salt crystals on the sea-ice surface.
Prof. Roberto Udisti - Universitá di Firenze
MIPLA - Micro Plastic Artic
Microplastics derive from persistent break down of plastic objects, due to environmental factors such as sun exposition and waves power. Plastic micro fragments are accumulating on the sea surface and the ingestion of microplastic has negative effects on biota, including birds, plankton and fishes. During the project the microplastic items will be collected and estimated using a Manta Trawl with mesh net which samples the top 25cm from the sea surface.
Dott. Andrea De Lucia - CNR IAMC - Oristano
GENESI - Changes in vascular endothelial function at extreme environments
The endothelium is a delicate monolayer of cells that lines all blood vessels and which plays a main role in the control of vascular homeostasis. To evaluate changes in vascular endothelial function in response to extreme climatic, geographical (farthest latitude), physical and mental stress (alterations of circadian sleep-awake rhythm) conditions, vascular function of a number of participants of the “Svalbard Islands Expedition”, will be screened before the departure and during their staying.
Prof. Francesco Iachini Bellisarii - Universitá degli Studi G. d´Annunzio Chieti e Pescara Sezione scienze Cardiovascolari